The African Union was created to harness a sense of unity and tackle common problems.
But it's faced criticism that it doesn't do enough to protect its citizens from conflict and corruption.
The A-U has declared 2019, the year of 'Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons', with the goal of finding what it calls 'durable' solutions to the vast problem.
Leaders from 55 countries across the continent are in the Ethiopian capital for their annual summit.
Egypt's president Abdel Fattah El Sisi has taken over the AU as Chairman.
But Amnesty International warns his tenure could undermine the AU's commitments to protecting human rights.
So, what are the challenges facing the African Union?
Achieng Akena - Executive Director of the Pan African Citizens Network.
Sanusha Naidu - Researcher at the Institute for Global Dialogue, a South African Think Tank.
Michael Amoah - Visiting Fellow at the Firoz Lalji Centre for Africa, at the London School of Economics.
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